41 Mcclary

In this article McClary adresses the presence of repetition in modern music by analyzing global cultural influences from the past and connecting them to trends in current musical genres such as rap, post modern, avant-garde, and classical. She draws upon eastern and african music and their influence on composers and pop musicians. She notes that eastern cultural values such as a cyclical world view influences their music to include repetition. The presence of repetition is African music she cites and being related to the sense of community that is derived from the cycles. She cites Christopher Small who concludes that these songs have "enabled African-Americans to survive the brutal conditions of slavery and other forms of social oppression throughout the last four centuries." Another cause of repetition in music is a reaction against "the formalist excesses of High Modernism." She refers to Stravinsky as a source of repetition in classical music, saying his ostinato patterns, as Adorno critiques, can be "heard as seducing listeners into passive acceptance of the most barbarous elements of encroaching totalitarianism." She contrasts Stravinsky's "hypnotic effect" with Schoenberg, who "sought to strip away from his work all vestiges of convention." The piece concludes with proclaiming the value in this sort of exercise "that's why it's so important for us to perform… an anthropology of ourselves." This article was very informative, and provided an objective look at the history of repetition in today's music.

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